Dyslexia is a genetic disease which causes the victim to have trouble reading. It is frequently referred to as a ‘disability’. The word itself, dyslexia, sounds better. Dyslexia is a neurological condition which interferes with the victim’s ability to process, store and produce information. Dyslexia can, however, be caught at an early age by looking at its signs and starting to take early precautionary measures to try and work through how it affects your child.
Early detection and diagnosis of dyslexia have enabled parents to give their children the necessary support and tools for reading and protect them from frustration and lowered self-esteem as a result of this reading issue. If not detected or diagnosed at an early stage, the affected children may even turn off from reading completely. But early detection gives both the affected parents and their children the opportunity to become more invested in learning and even motivate them to work harder in their efforts to try and combat the issue. Here are six signs that should reveal to you at an early age if your child is affected by dyslexia.
1. Doesn’t remember letter sounds?
For example, /a/ as in apple. The moment you realize that the phonemes like sounds of letters are not sticking in your child’s long-term memory, then it may indicate an auditory problem, another learning challenge, or a processing issue. Either way, you need to pay more attention to your child to try and figure out what the exact issue is.
2. Confuses look-alike letters like (b/d/p) or even sound-alike letters like (f/v and d/t)
It is perfectly normal for all beginners to rotate and reverse these letters as the children start to develop an understanding of language. But these errors should go away over time. After age 7, if you realize that your child is still confusing these letters, it should raise a red flag as it may be a bigger learning issue.
3. Has difficulty rhyming words like (bat/cat/mat)
One way that you can know that your child can hear language is by measuring their ability to rhyme. As a parent, you can also take some time to practice some of the rhyming words with your child to work on his/her rhyming skills. But if you notice that your child is continually struggling with these rhyming words, even after intervention and practice, then you need to start thinking that it may be a bigger issue than you initially thought. Your child may have dyslexia or apraxia of speech.
4. Doesn’t remember sight words?
Sight words are those types of words that kids can recognize instantly as they are some of the most commonly used words in the English language. Some examples include; ‘a’, ‘to’, ‘her’, ‘for’, and ‘was.’ These are the first words that children learn in order for them to easily read full sentences. If you realize that your child is having difficulty remembering sight words, even after ample repetition, it could be a sign of dyslexia.
5. Omits word endings like -s, -ed, or -ing
If you notice that your child isn’t reading the ending of words like the rest of his/her peers, it could mean an articulation or phonological disorder, dyslexia, or apraxia. Even your child’s teachers need to notice this.
6. Poor memory
You realize that your child has trouble remembering what he/she has read or was read to him/her earlier in a story. Dyslexia also makes the brain process information slower and the victim has attention issues. These signs should alarm you of your child’s condition.